Jeanne Smith

msmith@alleghany.k12.va.us

 

Mrs. Smith has been teaching for Alleghany County Schools since 1986. She has taught grades 2 – 6.   She received her Bachelor’s Degree from Radford University.  She is the mother of twin girls who are now adults.  She enjoys hanging out with her 4 dogs and working with her flowers and landscaping outdoors.

 

SEMESTER PLANS

Second Grade

 

1st Semester

 

Language Arts

SOL 2.1

  • Create oral stories to share with others.
  • Create and participate in oral dramatic activities.
  • Use correct verb tenses in oral communications.
  • Use increasingly complex sentence structures in oral communications.

SOL 2.2 

  • Increase listening and speaking vocabularies.
  • Use words that reflect a growing range of interests and knowledge.
  • Clarify and explain words and ideas orally.
  • Identify and use synonyms and antonyms.
  • Use vocabulary from other content areas.

SOL 2.3 

  • Use oral language for different purposes (inform, persuade, entertain, clarify, respond)
  • Share stories or information orally with an audience.
  • Participate as a contributor and leader in a group.
  • Retell information shared by others.
  • Follow three- and four-step directions.
  • Give three- and four-step directions.

SOL 2.4 

  • Count phonemes (sounds) within one-syllable words.
  • Blend sounds to make one-syllable words
  • Segment one-syllable words into individual speech sounds (phonemes).
  • Add or delete phonemes (sounds) to make words.
  • Blend and segment multisyllabic words at the syllable level.             

SOL 2.5 

  • Use knowledge of consonants, consonant blends, and consonant digraphs to decode and spell words.
  • Use knowledge of short, long, and r-controlled vowel patterns to decode and spell words.
  • Decode regular multisyllabic words.

SOL 2.6

  • Use information in the story to read words.
  • Use knowledge of sentence structure.
  • Use knowledge of story structure and sequence.
  • Reread and self-correct.

SOL 2.7

  • Use knowledge of homophones.
  • Use knowledge of prefixes and suffixes.
  • Use knowledge of antonyms and synonyms.
  • Discuss meanings of words and develop vocabulary by listening and reading a variety of texts.
  • Use vocabulary from other content areas.

SOL 2.8

  • Make and confirm predictions.
  • Ask and answer questions about what is read.
  • Describe characters, setting, and important events in fiction and poetry.
  • Identify the problem and solution.
  • Summarize stories and events with beginning, middle, and end in the correct sequence.
  • Draw conclusions based on the text.
  • Read and reread familiar stories, poems, and passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression.

SOL 2.9

  • Preview the selection using text features.
  • Make and confirm predictions about the main idea.
  • Use prior and background knowledge as context for new learning.
  • Set purpose for reading.
  • Ask and answer questions about what is read.
  • Locate information to answer questions.
  • Identify the main idea.
  • Read and reread familiar passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression.

SOL 2.10

  • Use table of contents.
  • Use dictionaries, glossaries, and indices.
  • Use online resources.

SOL 2.11

  • Maintain legible printing and begin to make the transition to cursive.

SOL 2.12

  • Generate ideas before writing.
  • Organize writing to include a beginning, middle, and end for narrative and expository writing.
  • Expand writing to include descriptive detail.
  • Revise writing for clarity.

SOL 2.13

  • Recognize and use complete sentences.
  • Use and punctuate declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences.
  • Capitalize all proper nouns and the word I.
  • Use singular and plural nouns and pronouns.
  • Use apostrophes in contractions and possessives.
  • Use contractions and singular possessives.
  • Use knowledge of simple abbreviations.
  • Use correct spelling for commonly used sight words, including compound words and regular plurals.
  • Use commas in the salutation and closing of a letter.
  • Use verbs and adjectives correctly in sentences.

SOL 2.14

  • Use available technology for reading and writing.

 

Math

SOL 2.22

  • The student will demonstrate an understanding of equality by recognizing that the symbol = in an equation indicates equivalent quantities and the symbol ≠ indicates that quantities are not equivalent.

SOL 2.9

  • The student will recognize and describe the related facts that represent and describe the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction.

SOL 2.5

  • The student will recall addition facts with sums to 20 or less and the corresponding subtraction facts. 

SOL 2.2  The student will

·         identify the ordinal positions first through twentieth, using an ordered set of objects; and

·         write the ordinal numbers.

SOL 2.21

  • The student will solve problems by completing numerical sentences involving the basic facts for addition and subtraction.  The student will create story problems, using the numerical sentences.

SOL 2.1 The student will

  • read, write, and identify the place value of each digit in a three-digit numeral, using numeration models;
  • round two-digit numbers to the nearest ten; and
  • compare two whole numbers between 0 and 999, using symbols (>, >, or =) and words (greater than, less than, or equal to).

SOL 2.4

  • The student will recognize even and odd numbers.

SOL 2.20

  • The student will identify, create, and extend a wide variety of patterns.

SOL 2.10 The student will

  • count and compare a collection of pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters whose total value is $2.00 or less; and
  • correctly use the cent symbol (¢), dollar symbol ($), and decimal point (.).

SOL 2.6 The student, given two whole numbers whose sum is 99 or less, will

  • estimate the sum; and
  • find the sum, using various methods of calculation.

SOL 2.7  

  • The student, given two whole numbers, each of which is 99 or less,  will

  • estimate the difference; and
  • find the difference, using various methods of calculation.

SOL 2.15 The student will

  • draw a line of symmetry in a figure; and
  • identify and create figures with at least one line of symmetry.

SOL 2.16 The student will i

  • identify, describe, compare, and contrast plane and solid Geometric figures (circle/sphere, square/cube, and rectangle/rectangular prism).

                

Science

SOL 2.1 The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which

  • observations and predictions are made and questions are formed;
  • observations are differentiated from personal interpretation;
  • observations are repeated to ensure accuracy;
  • two or more characteristics or properties are used to classify items;
  • length, volume, mass, and temperature are measured in metric units and standard English units using the proper tools;
  • time is measured using the proper tools;
  • conditions that influence a change are identified and inferences are made;
  • data are collected and recorded, and bar graphs are constructed using numbered axes;
  • data are analyzed and unexpected or unusual quantitative data are recognized;
  • conclusions are drawn;
  • observations and data are communicated;
  • simple physical models are designed and constructed to clarify explanations and show relationships; and
  • current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.

SOL 2.2 The student will investigate and understand that natural and artificial magnets have certain characteristics and attract specific types of metals.  Key concepts include

  • magnetism, iron, magnetic/nonmagnetic, poles, attract/repel; and
  • important applications of magnetism.

SOL 2.6 The student will investigate and understand basic types, changes, and patterns of weather.  Key concepts include

  • identification of common storms and other weather phenomena;
  • the uses and importance of measuring, recording, and interpreting weather data; and
  • the uses and importance of tracking weather data over time.

SOL 2.7 The student will investigate and understand that weather and seasonal changes affect plants, animals, and their surroundings.  Key concepts include:

  • effects of weather and seasonal changes on the growth and behavior of living things; and
  • weathering and erosion of land surfaces.

SOL 2.8 The student will investigate and understand that plants produce oxygen and food, are a source of useful products, and provide benefits in nature.  Key concepts include:

  • important plant products are identified and classified;
  • the availability of plant products affects the development of a geographic area; and
  • plants can help reduce erosion.

Social Studies

SOL 2.1 The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  • identifying artifacts and primary and secondary sources to understand events in American history;
  • using basic map skills to locate places on maps and globes to support an understanding of American history;
  • using and creating graphs, diagrams, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or event to support an understanding of American history;
  • asking appropriate questions to solve a problem;
  • comparing and contrasting people, places, or events in American history;
  • recognizing direct cause-and-effect relationships;
  • making connections between past and present;
  • using a decision-making model to make informed decisions;
  • practicing good citizenship skills and respect for rules and laws while collaborating, compromising, and participating in classroom activities; and
  • defending positions orally and in writing, using content vocabulary.

SOL 2.4 The student will describe how the contributions of selected individuals changed the lives of Americans, with emphasis on

  • Christopher Columbus;
  • Helen Keller;
  • Thurgood Marshall; and
  • Cesar Chavez

SOL 2.5 The student will describe why United States citizens celebrate major holidays, including

  • Labor Day;
  • Columbus Day;
  • Veterans Day; and
  • Thanksgiving Day

SOL 2.6 The student will develop map skills by using globes and maps of the world and the United States to locate

  • the seven continents and the five oceans;
  • the equator, the Prime Meridian, and the four hemispheres; and
  • major rivers, mountain ranges, lakes, and other physical features in the United States.

SOL 2.11 The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emphasis on

  • respecting and protecting the rights and property of others;
  • taking part in the voting process when making classroom decisions;
  • describing actions that can improve the school and community;
  • demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance;
  • practicing honesty and trustworthiness; and
  • describing the purpose of rules and laws.

SOL 2.12 The student will understand that the people of the United States of America

  • make contributions to their communities;
  • vote in elections;
  • are united as Americans by common principles; and
  • have the individual rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as well as equality under the law.

SOL 2.13 The student will understand the symbols and traditional practices that honor and foster patriotism in the United States of America by

  • explaining the meaning behind symbols such as the American flag, bald eagle, Washington Monument, and Statue of Liberty; and
  • learning the words and meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance.

 

 

               

The following grading scale will be used for language arts and math:

                                                 A 94% - 100%

                                                 B 85% - 93%

                                                 C 76% - 84%

                                                 D 70% - 75

                                                  U 69% and below

The language arts grade will consist of work in reading (60%), grammar/writing (30%), and spelling (10%).

All other subjects will be evaluated on a performance scale of O (outstanding), S (satisfactory), N (needs improvement), and U (unsatisfactory).

 

 

2nd Semester

Language Arts

SOL 2.1

  • Create oral stories to share with others.
  • Create and participate in oral dramatic activities.
  • Use correct verb tenses in oral communications.
  • Use increasingly complex sentence structures in oral communications.
  • Begin to self-correct errors in language use.

SOL 2.2 

  • Increase listening and speaking vocabularies.
  • Use words that reflect a growing range of interests and knowledge.
  • Clarify and explain words and ideas orally.
  • Identify and use synonyms and antonyms.
  • Use vocabulary from other content areas.

SOL 2.3 

  • Use oral language for different purposes (inform, persuade, entertain, clarify, respond)
  • Share stories or information orally with an audience.
  • Participate as a contributor and leader in a group.
  • Retell information shared by others.
  • Follow three- and four-step directions.
  • Give three- and four-step directions.

SOL 2.4 

  • Blend sounds to make one-syllable words
  • Segment one-syllable words into individual speech sounds (phonemes).
  • Add or delete phonemes (sounds) to make words.
  • Blend and segment multisyllabic words at the syllable level.                

SOL 2.5 

  • Use knowledge of consonants, consonant blends, and consonant digraphs to decode and spell words.
  • Use knowledge of short, long, and r-controlled vowel patterns to decode and spell words.
  • Decode regular multisyllabic words.

SOL 2.6

  • Use information in the story to read words.
  • Use knowledge of sentence structure.
  • Use knowledge of story structure and sequence.
  • Reread and self-correct.

SOL 2.7

  • Use knowledge of prefixes and suffixes.
  • Use knowledge of antonyms and synonyms.
  • Discuss meanings of words and develop vocabulary by listening and reading a variety of texts.
  • Use vocabulary from other content areas.

SOL 2.8

  • Make and confirm predictions.
  • Relate previous experiences to the main idea.
  • Ask and answer questions about what is read.
  • Locate information to answer questions.
  • Describe characters, setting, and important events in fiction and poetry.
  • Identify the problem and solution.
  • Identify the main idea.
  • Summarize stories and events with beginning, middle, and end in the correct sequence.
  • Draw conclusions based on the text.
  • Read and reread familiar stories, poems, and passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression.

SOL 2.9

  • Preview the selection using text features.
  • Make and confirm predictions about the main idea.
  • Use prior and background knowledge as context for new learning.
  • Set purpose for reading.
  • Ask and answer questions about what is read.
  • Locate information to answer questions.
  • Identify the main idea.
  • Read and reread familiar passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression.

SOL 2.10

  • Use table of contents.
  • Use pictures, captions, and charts.
  • Use dictionaries, glossaries, and indices.
  • Use online resources.

SOL 2.11

  • Maintain legible printing and begin to make the transition to cursive.

SOL 2.12

  • Generate ideas before writing.
  • Organize writing to include a beginning, middle, and end for narrative and expository writing.
  • Expand writing to include descriptive detail.
  • Revise writing for clarity.

SOL 2.13

  • Recognize and use complete sentences.
  • Use and punctuate declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences.
  • Capitalize all proper nouns and the word I.
  • Use singular and plural nouns and pronouns.
  • Use apostrophes in contractions and possessives.
  • Use contractions and singular possessives.
  • Use knowledge of simple abbreviations.
  • Use correct spelling for commonly used sight words, including compound words and regular plurals.
  • Use commas in the salutation and closing of a letter.
  • Use verbs and adjectives correctly in sentences.

SOL 2.14

  • Use available technology for reading and writing.

 

Math

SOL 2.15 The student will

  • draw a line of symmetry in a figure; and
  • identify and create figures with at least one line of symmetry.

SOL 2.3 The student will

·        identifythe parts of a set and/or region that represent fractions for halves, thirds,fourths, sixths, eighths, and tenths;

·        writethe fractions; and

·        comparethe unit fractions for halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, eighths, and tenths.

SOL 2.11 The student will estimateand measure

·        lengthto the nearest centimeter and inch;

·        weight/massof objects in pounds/ounces and kilograms/grams, using a scale; and

·        liquidvolume in cups, pints, quarts, gallons, and liters.

SOL 2.8 The student will createand solve one- and two-step addition and subtraction problems,

            data from simple tables, picturegraphs, and bar graphs.

SOL 2.13 The student will

·        determinepast and future days of the week; and

·        identifyspecific days and dates on a given calendar.

SOL 2.12 The student will tell and write time to the nearestfive minutes, using analog and digital  

            clocks.

SOL 2.8 The student will createand solve one- and two-step addition and subtraction problems,

            using data from simple tables,picture graphs, and bar graphs.

SOL 2.17 The student will use datafrom experiments to construct picture graphs, pictographs,

            and bar graphs.

SOL 2.14 The student will read thetemperature on a Celsius and/or Fahrenheit thermometer to

            the nearest 10 degrees.

SOL 2.18 The student will use datafrom experiments to predict outcomes when the experiment is

            repeated.

SOL 2.19 The student will analyzedata displayed in picture graphs, pictographs, and bar graphs.

SOL 2.1 The student will

·        read,write, and identify the place value of each digit in a three-digit numeral,using numeration models;

·        roundtwo-digit numbers to the nearest ten; and

·        comparetwo whole numbers between 0 and 000, using symbols (>,<, or =) and words(greater than, less than, or equalto).

SOL 2.20 The student will identify,create, and extend a wide variety of patterns.

SOL 2.4 The student will countforward by twos, fives, and tens to 100, starting at various multiples of 2, 5, or 10.

 

 

Science

SOL 2.1 The student willdemonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science byplanning and conducting investigations in which

  • observations and predictions are made and questions are formed;
  • observations are differentiated from personal interpretation;
  • observations are repeated to ensure accuracy;
  • two or more characteristics or properties are used to classify items;
  • length, volume, mass, and temperature are measured in metric units and standard English units using the proper tools;
  • time is measured using the proper tools;
  • conditions that influence a change are identified and inferences are made;
  • data are collected and recorded, and bar graphs are constructed using numbered axes;
  • data are analyzed and unexpected or unusual quantitative data are recognized;
  • conclusions are drawn;
  • observations and data are communicated;
  • simple physical models are designed and constructed to clarify explanations and show relationships; and
  • current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.

SOL 2.4 The student willinvestigate and understand that plants and animals undergo a series of orderly changes as they mature andgrow.  Key concepts include

·        animallife cycles; and

·        plantlife cycles.

SOL 2.8 The student willinvestigate and understand that plants produce oxygen and food, are a source of useful products, andprovide benefits in nature.  Key conceptsinclude

·        plantsprovide oxygen, homes, and food for many animals.

SOL 2.5 The student will investigate and understand that livingthings are part of a system. 
            
Key 
concepts include:

·        livingorganisms are interdependent with their living and nonliving surroundings;

·        ananimal’s habitat includes adequate food, water, shelter or cover, and space;

·        habitatschange over timer due to many influences; and

·        fossilsprovide information about living systems that were on Earth years ago.

SOL 2.3 The student willinvestigate and understand basic properties of solids, liquids, and gases.

            Key concepts include

·        identificationof distinguishing characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases;

·        measurementof the mass and volume of solids and liquids; and

·        changesin phases of matter with the addition or removal of energy.

 

 

Social Studies

SOL 2.12 The student willunderstand that the people of Virginia

·        havestate and local government officials who are elected by voters;

·        havediverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, make contributions to theircommunities, and are united as Americans by common principles.

SOL 2.11 The student will identifyGeorge Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony, Helen Keller, Jackie Robinson, and MartinLuther King, Jr., as Americans whose contributions improved the lives of other Americans.

SOL 2.1 The student will explainhow the contributions of ancient Chinaand Egypthave influenced the present world in terms ofarchitecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language.

SOL 2.4 The student will developmap skills by

·        locatingthe United States, China, and Egypt of world maps;

·        understandingthe relationship between the environment and the culture of ancient China and Egypt.

SOL 2.5 The student will developmap skills by locating the Huang He and Nile River.

 

 

The followinggrading scale will be used for language arts and math:

                                                A 94% - 100%

                                                 B 85% - 93%

                                                C 76% - 84%

                                                D 70% - 75%

                                                U 69% and below

The language artsgrade will consist of work in reading (60%), grammar/writing (30%), andspelling (10%).

 

All other subjectswill be evaluated on a performance scale of O (outstanding), S (satisfactory),N (needs improvement), and U (unsatisfactory).