Mrs. Middleton is a 2006 graduate of Mary Baldwin College. She completed her student teaching at Callaghan Elementary in the spring of 2006 and became a full time teacher for ACPS at the beginning of the 20062007 school year. Mrs. Middleton taught Kindergarten at Mountain View Elementary School for two years and then joined the Callaghan staff in 2008. She is currently teaching third grade.
Mrs. Middleton lives in Callaghan with her husband and two children.
SEMESTER PLANS
3rd Grade
1st Semester
Language Arts  (Reading = 60%, English = 30%, Spelling = 10%)
3.1 The student will use effective communication skills in group activities.
3.2 The student will present brief oral reports using visual media.
3.3 The student will apply wordanalysis skills when reading.
3.4 The student will use strategies to read a variety of fiction and nonfiction materials.
3.5 The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fiction.
3.6 The student will continue to read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction.
3.8 The student will write legibly in cursive.
3.9 The student will write descriptive paragraphs.
3.10 The student will write stories, letters, simple explanations, and short reports across all content areas.
Math
3.1 The student will
a) read and write sixdigit numerals and identify the place value and value of each digit;
b) round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand; and
c) compare two whole numbers between 0 and 9,999, using symbols (>, <, or = ) and words (greater than, less than, or equal to).
3.2 The student will recognize and use the inverse relationships between addition/subtraction and multiplication/division to complete basic fact sentences. The student will use these relationships to solve problems.
3.4 The student will estimate solutions to and solve singlestep and multistep problems involving the sum or difference of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less, with or without regrouping.
3.5 The student will recall multiplication facts through the twelves table, and the corresponding division facts.
3.6 The student will represent multiplication and division, using area, set, and number line models, and create and solve problems that involve multiplication of two whole numbers, one factor 99 or less and the second factor 5 or less.
3.8 The student will determine, by counting, the value of a collection of bills and coins whose total value is $5.00 or less, compare the value of the bills and coins, and make change.
3.11 The student will
a) tell time to the nearest minute, using analog and digital clocks; and
b) determine elapsed time in onehour increments over a 12hour period.
3.12 The student will identify equivalent periods of time, including relationships among days, months, and years, as well as minutes and hours.
3.17 The student will
a) collect and organize data, using observations, measurements, surveys, or experiments;
b) construct a line plot, a picture graph, or a bar graph to represent the data; and
c) read and interpret the data represented in line plots, bar graphs, and picture graphs and write a sentence analyzing the data.
3.20 The student will
a) investigate the identity and the commutative properties for addition and multiplication; and
b) identify examples of the identity and commutative properties for addition and multiplication.
Science
3.1 The student will plan and conduct investigations in which

predictions and observations are made;

objects with similar characteristics are classified into at least two sets and two subsets;

questions are developed to formulate hypotheses;

volume is measured to the nearest milliliter and liter;

length is measured to the nearest centimeter;

mass is measured to the nearest gram;

data are gathered, charted, and graphed (line plot, picture graph, and bar graph);

temperature is measured to the nearest degree Celsius;

time is measured to the nearest minute;

inferences are made and conclusions are drawn; and

natural events are sequenced chronologically.
3.2 The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their uses. Key concepts include
a) purpose and function of simple machines;
b) types of simple machines;
c) compound machines; and
d) examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environments.
3.4 The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs.
3.5 The student will investigate and understand relationships among organisms in aquatic and terrestrial food chains.
3.6 The student will investigate and understand that environments support a diversity of plants and animals that share limited resources.
3.8 The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles occurring in nature.
3.10 The student will investigate and understand that natural events and human influences can
affect the survival of species.
.
Social Studies
3.1 The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced the present world in terms of architecture, government (direct and representative democracy), and sports.
3.2 The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describing its oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade).
3.3 The student will study the exploration of the Americas by
a) describing the accomplishments of Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de León, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport;
b) identifying the reasons for exploring, the information gained, the results of the travels, and the impact of the travels on American Indians.
3.4 The student will develop map skills by
a) locating Greece, Rome, and West Africa;
b) describing the physical and human characteristics of Greece, Rome, and West Africa;
c) explaining how the people of Greece, Rome, and West Africa adapted to and/or changed their environment to meet their needs.
3.5 The student will develop map skills by
a) positioning and labeling the seven continents and five oceans to create a world map;
b) using the equator and prime meridian to identify the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Hemispheres;
c) locating the countries of Spain, England, and France;
d) locating the regions in the Americas explored by Christopher Columbus (San Salvador in the Bahamas), Juan Ponce de León (near St. Augustine, Florida), Jacques Cartier (near Quebec, Canada), and Christopher Newport (Jamestown, Virginia);
e) locating specific places, using a simple letternumber grid system.
3.6 The student will read and construct maps, tables, graphs, and/or charts.
3.7 The student will explain how producers in ancient Greece, Rome, and the West African empire of Mali used natural resources, human resources, and capital resources in the production of goods and services.
Health
3.1 The student will explain that health habits impact personal growth and development.
3.2 The student will use decisionmaking skills to promote health and personal wellness.
Grading Scale
The following grading scale will be uses for Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies:
A 94%  100%
B 85%  93%
C 76%  84%
D 70%  75%
U 0%  69%
All other subjects will be graded with:
O – Outstanding
S – Satisfactory
N – Needs Improvement
U – Unsatisfactory
**All assignments including class work, tests, and homework are counted equally**
2nd Semester
Language Arts
3.1 The student will use effective communication skills in group activities.
3.2 The student will present brief oral reports using visual media.
3.3 The student will apply wordanalysis skills when reading.
3.4 The student will use strategies to read a variety of fiction and nonfiction materials.
3.5 The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fiction.
3.6 The student will continue to read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction.
3.7 The student will demonstrate comprehension of information from a variety of print resources.
3.8 The student will write legibly in cursive.
3.9 The student will write descriptive paragraphs.
3.10 The student will write stories, letters, simple explanations, and short reports across all content areas.
3.11 The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
3.12 The student will use available technology for reading and writing.
Math
3.3 The student will
a) name and write fractions (including mixed numbers) represented by a model;
b) model fractions (including mixed numbers) and write the fractions’ names; and
c) compare fractions having like and unlike denominators, using words and symbols
(>, <, or =).
3.5 The student will recall multiplication facts through the twelves table, and the corresponding division facts.
3.6 The student will represent multiplication and division, using area, set, and number line models,
and create and solve problems that involve multiplication of two whole numbers, one factor 99
or less and the second factor 5 or less.
3.7 The student will add and subtract proper fractions having like denominators of 12 or less.
3.8 The student will determine, by counting, the value of a collection of bills and coins whose total
value is $5.00 or less, compare the value of the bills and coins, and make change.
3.9 The student will estimate and use U.S. Customary and metric units to measure
a) length to the nearest 1/2inch, inch, foot, yard, centimeter, and meter;
b) liquid volume in cups, pints, quarts, gallons, and liters;
c) weight/mass in ounces, pounds, grams, and kilograms; and
d) area and perimeter.
3.10 The student will
a) measure the distance around a polygon in order to determine perimeter; and
b) count the number of square units needed to cover a given surface in order to determine area.
3.13 The student will read temperature to the nearest degree from a Celsius thermometer and a Fahrenheit thermometer. Real thermometers and physical models of thermometers will be used.
3.14 The student will identify, describe, compare, and contrast characteristics of plane and solid geometric figures (circle, square, rectangle, triangle, cube, rectangular prism, square pyramid, sphere, cone, and cylinder) by identifying relevant characteristics, including the number of angles, vertices, and edges, and the number and shape of faces, using concrete models.
3.15 The student will identify and draw representations of points, line segments, rays, angles, and lines.
3.16 The student will identify and describe congruent and noncongruent plane figures.
3.18 The student will investigate and describe the concept of probability as chance and list possible results of a given situation.
3.19 The student will recognize and describe a variety of patterns formed using numbers, tables, and pictures, and extend the patterns, using
the same or different forms.
Science
3.1 The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
a) predictions and observations are made;
b) objects with similar characteristics are classified into at least two sets and two subsets;
c) questions are developed to formulate hypotheses;
d) volume is measured to the nearest milliliter and liter;
e) length is measured to the nearest centimeter;
f) mass is measured to the nearest gram;
g) data are gathered, charted, and graphed (line plot, picture graph, and bar graph);
h) temperature is measured to the nearest degree Celsius;
i) time is measured to the nearest minute;
j) inferences are made and conclusions are drawn; and
k) natural events are sequenced chronologically.
l) models are designed and built; and
m) current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.
3.2 The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their uses. Key concepts include
a) purpose and function of simple machines;
b) types of simple machines;
c) compound machines; and
d) examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environments.
3.3 The student will investigate and understand that objects are made of materials that can be described by their physical properties. Key concepts include
a) objects are made of one or more materials;
b) physical properties remain the same as the material is changed in visible size; and
c) visible physical changes are identified.
3.7 The student will investigate and understand the major components of soil, its origin, and its importance to plants and animals including humans. Key concepts include
a) soil provides the support and nutrients necessary for plant growth;
b) topsoil is a natural product of subsoil and bedrock;
c) rock, clay, silt, sand, and humus are components of soils; and
d) soil is a natural resource and should be conserved.
3.11 The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy. Key concepts include
a) energy from the sun;
b) sources of renewable energy; and
c) sources of nonrenewable energy.
Social Studies
3.7 The student will explain how producers in ancient Greece, Rome, and the West African empire of Mali used natural resources, human resources, and capital resources in the production of goods and services.
3.8 The student will recognize that because people and regions cannot produce everything they want, they specialize in what they do best and trade for the rest.
3.9 The student will identify examples of making an economic choice and will explain the idea of opportunity cost (what is given up when making a choice).
3.10 The student will recognize the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States of America by
a) explaining the purpose of rules and laws;
b) explaining that the basic purposes of government are to make laws, carry out laws, and
decide if laws have been broken;
c) explaining that government protects the rights and property of individuals.
3.11 The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of a republican form of government by
a) describing the individual rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and equality under the law;
b) identifying the contributions of George Washington; Thomas Jefferson; Abraham Lincoln;
Rosa Parks; Thurgood Marshall; Martin Luther King, Jr.; and Cesar Chavez;
c) recognizing that Veterans Day and Memorial Day honor people who have served to protect the country’s freedoms,
d) describing how people can serve the community, state, and nation.
3.12 The student will recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of a republican form of government and respect for individual rights and freedoms.
Health
3.3 The student will identify the effects of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and other harmful substances on personal health. Key concepts/skills include
a) improper use of medicines;
b) the use of refusal skills to counter negative influences;
c) the effects of nicotine, alcohol, and other drugs on body systems;
d) the use of common household items as inhalants;
e) the effects of mindaltering drugs on behavior.
3.4 The student will demonstrate the ability to use health information to improve personal health. Key concepts/skills include
a) the use of health services and agencies to gain information;
b) the ways in which health care has improved as a result of technology;
c) the use of a variety of print, audiovisual, and electronic media resources.
3.5 The student will explain that customs and traditions may impact community health decisions. Key concepts/skills include
a) dietary customs and practices;
b) recreational activities;
c) celebrations and traditions.
Grading Scale
The following grading scale will be uses for Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies:
A 94%  100%
B 85%  93%
C 76%  84%
D 70%  75%
U 0%  69%
All other subjects will be graded with:
O – Outstanding
S – Satisfactory
N – Needs Improvement
U  Unsatisfactory